Please note: The answers on constitute friendly advice rather than fatwas. Where relevant, we translate the opinions and fatwas of respected scholars and present them in our answers.

The chronology of the Quran

Salamalaikum, in regards to the ayahs and surahs of the Quran, is there a known and agreed upon chronology?

Alaikumassalam wa rahmatullah,

We do not have enough information to build a complete chronology. But we have evidence here and there that tells us which verse or sura came before which. For example we know Surat al-Muzzamil is one of the earliest suras, while we also know that the Medinan suras all came afterwards. But sometimes a Medinan sura contains a verse or more from the Mekkan period, so just because a sura is considered Medinan is not sufficient to tell us that all of it is Medinan.

Check out this page for a list of the suras and their chronological order.

And God knows best.

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