Salam, brother. I have a question to ask. Does Islam has certain rulings on hijab? Because, in my country there seem to be different opinions among the Muslim groups and that they have different version of how women hijab is. This make me confused.
Alaikumassalam wa rahmatullah,
In mainstream Islam there are two different approaches to the hijab: The common-sense approach, which says that a woman may wear any type of clothing as long as it accords with the requirements and guidelines of the Quran. This is the opinion of majority. There is also a minority (the textualists) that says that common sense has no place in the discussion, what hadith narrations tell us about how the early Muslim women dressed should be copied directly without thinking about any purposes or principles behind their dress codes.
The Quran states that the head and chest should be covered. It also states that a woman should not show her “adornments” except to close relatives like her father, which logically means that her dress code in public should be different from the one at home. By putting together everything the Quran says, the picture we get is that a Muslim woman should dress in such a way in public that makes it impossible for lecherous men to objectify her sexually. It is generally accepted that that means her clothing should not be tight or see-through and that everything except her face and hands should be covered in public. It does not matter what exactly she wears among all the options available to a Muslim woman.
Some hadith narrations explain in some detail what the early Muslim women wore. While a minority considers these explanations prescriptions applying to all Muslim women for all time, the majority of scholars have the common sense view that as long as the purpose is achieved, the details and make of a woman’s clothing do not matter.
For more details on this please see the hijab page on my site.